Jessica Simpson Knee Riese Black Suede Wedge Knee Simpson High Boots Women's Shoes Size 6.5 M 00c218

Jessica Simpson Knee Riese Black Suede Wedge Knee Simpson High Boots Women's Shoes Size 6.5 M 00c218Jessica Simpson Knee Riese Black Suede Wedge Knee Simpson High Boots Women's Shoes Size 6.5 M 00c218Jessica Simpson Knee Riese Black Suede Wedge Knee Simpson High Boots Women's Shoes Size 6.5 M 00c218Jessica Simpson Knee Riese Black Suede Wedge Knee Simpson High Boots Women's Shoes Size 6.5 M 00c218Jessica Simpson Knee Riese Black Suede Wedge Knee Simpson High Boots Women's Shoes Size 6.5 M 00c218Jessica Simpson Knee Riese Black Suede Wedge Knee Simpson High Boots Women's Shoes Size 6.5 M 00c218Jessica Simpson Knee Riese Black Suede Wedge Knee Simpson High Boots Women's Shoes Size 6.5 M 00c218Jessica Simpson Knee Riese Black Suede Wedge Knee Simpson High Boots Women's Shoes Size 6.5 M 00c218Jessica Simpson Knee Riese Black Suede Wedge Knee Simpson High Boots Women's Shoes Size 6.5 M 00c218Jessica Simpson Knee Riese Black Suede Wedge Knee Simpson High Boots Women's Shoes Size 6.5 M 00c218Jessica Simpson Knee Riese Black Suede Wedge Knee Simpson High Boots Women's Shoes Size 6.5 M 00c218Jessica Simpson Knee Riese Black Suede Wedge Knee Simpson High Boots Women's Shoes Size 6.5 M 00c218Jessica Simpson Knee Riese Black Suede Wedge Knee Simpson High Boots Women's Shoes Size 6.5 M 00c218

Item specifics

Condition: :
An item that has been used or previously. See the seller’s listing for full details and description of any imperfections.See all condition definitions- opens in a new window or tab
Seller Notes: in great condition (shoes have scuffs)
Brand: Jessica Simpson Style: Knee High Boots
US Shoe Size (Women's): 6.5 Material: Suede
Pattern: Solid Width: Medium (B, M)
Color: Black Heel Type: Wedge
Heel Height: High (3 in. and Up) Country/Region of Manufacture: China
Fastening: Zip Occasion: Any
UPC: Does not apply
This is a cropped closeup of a senior couple enjoying a game of chess

Jessica Simpson Knee Riese Black Suede Wedge Knee Simpson High Boots Women's Shoes Size 6.5 M 00c218

Women’s cognitive functioning past middle age may be affected by the degree of gender equality in the country they live in, according to new findings from Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

“This research is a first attempt to shed light on important, but understudied, adverse consequences of gender inequality on women’s health in later life,” explains researcher Eric Bonsang of University Paris-Dauphine and Columbia University, lead author on the study. “It shows that women living in gender-equal countries have better cognitive test scores later in life than women living in gender-unequal societies. Moreover, in countries that became more gender-equal over time, women’s cognitive performance improved relative to men’s.”

Bonsang and colleagues Vegard Skirbekk (Norwegian Institute of Public Health and Columbia University) and Ursula Staudinger (Columbia University) had noticed that the differences in men’s and women’s scores on cognitive tests varied widely across countries. In countries in Northern Europe, for example, women tend to outperform men on memory tests, while the opposite seems to be true in several Southern European countries.

“This observation triggered our curiosity to try to understand what could cause such variations across countries,” says Bonsang.

While economic and socioeconomic factors likely play an important role, Bonsang, Skirbekk, and Staudinger wondered whether sociocultural factors such as attitudes about gender roles might also contribute to the variation in gender differences in cognitive performance around the globe. They hypothesized that women who live in a society with more traditional attitudes about gender roles would likely have less access to opportunities for education and employment and would, therefore, show lower cognitive performance later in life compared with men of the same age.

The researchers analyzed cognitive performance data for participants between the ages of 50 and 93, drawn from multiple nationally representative surveys including the US Health and Retirement Study; the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe; the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing; and the World Health Organization Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health. Together, the surveys provided data for a total of 27 countries.

All of the surveys include an episodic memory task to measure cognitive performance. Participants heard a list of 10 words and were asked to recall as many as they could immediately; in some of the surveys, participants again recalled as many words as they could after a delay. Additionally, some of the surveys included a task intended to assess executive function in which participants named as many animals as they could within 1 minute.

To gauge gender-role attitudes, the researchers focused on participants’ self-reported agreement with the statement, “When jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women.”

Overall, the data showed considerable variability in gender differences in cognitive performance across countries. In some countries, women outperformed men—the female advantage in cognitive performance was highest in Sweden. In other countries, however, men outperformed women—the male advantage was highest in Ghana.

As the researchers hypothesized, increasingly traditional gender-role attitudes were linked with decreasing cognitive performance among women across countries. In other words, women in countries with less traditional attitudes were likely to have better cognitive performance later in life relative to women in more traditional countries.

Bonsang and colleagues noted that changes in gender-role attitudes within a country over time were associated with changes in women’s cognitive performance relative to men.

Although the data are correlational in nature, several more detailed analyses point toward a causal relationship. These analyses suggest that gender-role attitudes may play a notable role in important outcomes for women across different countries, the researchers argue.

“These findings reinforce the need for policies aiming at reducing gender inequalities as we show that consequences go beyond the labor market and income inequalities,” says Bonsang. “It also shows how important it is to consider seemingly intangible influences, such as cultural attitudes and values, when trying to understand cognitive aging.”

“In future work, we plan to disentangle the effect of gender-role attitudes on gender difference in cognition—via the impacts of those attitudes on institutions, politics and labor market characteristics—from the impact of beliefs of women associated with gender-role attitudes,” Bonsang says.

We use data from Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) Release 2.6.0, English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) Release 19, the RAND Corporation Health and Retirement Study (HRS) Version N, and Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health (SAGE) Wave 1. The SHARE project has been primarily funded by the European Commission (see http://www.share-project.org for the full list of funders). The ELSA project has been funded by a consortium of U.K. government departments and the U.S. National Institute on Aging (see http://www.elsa-project.ac.uk/funders for the full list of funders). The HRS project is funded by the Social Security Administration and the U.S. National Institute on Aging


Published July 31, 2017
AllSaints Women Ruched Leather Suede Black Platform Heel Boots Shoes Sz 10 / 41Man/Woman B35 Gala Ankle Booties, Black Excellent value Lush design Valuable boutique,Refresh Women Faux Suede Over The Knee Chunky Heel Boot GJ33 - Taupe Size 10,SOLE SOCIETY So Roxine suede leather ankle boots booties heels red Size 11 M,NEW HUSH PUPPIES PIPPA WOMENS SMALL WEDGE HEEL BOOTS,Easy Spirit Women's Adriano Boot , Black , Size US 8.5 M,Gentlemen/Ladies Aerosoles Women's Taxi Service Fashion Boot excellent quality Beautiful Perfect processing,women's shoes 2 STAR 9 () ankle boots blue leather glitter BX375-39,GIORGIO ARMANI Boots Original Size 40 eu Leather HEELS BALCKEasy Spirit Women's Traveltim278 Mule, Black/Black Multi Suede, 7 M US,Vince Camuto Chenai Khaki Suede Bootie Womens Size 6.5,CHARLY AMAR MARRIANA LEATHER & CROCODILE PUMP SIZE 8 M color Bourdoux,Stylish Summer Knitted Boots Sandals Coquette Color Gray Handmade Size 5- 10John Fluevog DDFT Angel Derby Red Brown Leather 15 Hole Boots wm Size 4.5,Miz Mooz Leather Cut Out Sandals w/ Stud Details - Tessa 39 (8.5-9),Dr Martens Delaney Adventure Time Print Canvas Boots Women's US 5 Men's US 4 NEW,Shellys London Women's Boots Kmenta Vintage Glitter Black Boots Shoes Size 6Retro Women's Round Toe Wingtip Ladies Ankle Boots Block Heels Leather Shoes b34,Women's Dolce Vita olive green brown leather booties size 8,New MIA Raven Peep Toe Ankle Boots, Blk Faux Suede, Women's Size 7.5M, 3" Heel,Minnetonka Brown Suede Leather Triple Layer Fringe Moccasin Boho Boots 8\7 EXC,NEW NASTY GAL $142 SBICCA GUSTO OVER THE KNEE SUEDE BOOTS SHOES SZ 6,Bearpaw EMMA TALL Boots 612W HICKORY Soft Suede 12" AUTHENTIC Womens NEW Box,Chalten Thinsulate Climashield Women's Black/Autobahn/Veridian Green 9M,AK ANNE KLEIN WMN'S GANSEE LE BOOTIE BLACK LEATHER US SZ 8 MEDIUM (B)M PRE-OWNED,Born in california Open thoe Medium Hell Size 6 Brown -- NWOT $90,NEW KAMIK Women's Rain Boots Size 6 Pull On Green Rubber Knee Water Wader ShoesREBELS ZEN WOMENS BROWN SUEDE LEATHER ANKLE BOOTS 10 NEW,New KORK-EASE 'Olson' Harness Leather Boot 7M Brown,Merrell Womens J42694 Black Snow Boots Size 7.5 (337688)