Valentino Beige New Crystal Ankle Wrap Flats US Size EU 39.5 (Approx. US Flats 9.5) Regular (M, B) fd193e

Valentino Beige New Crystal Ankle Wrap Flats US Size EU 39.5 (Approx. US Flats 9.5) Regular (M, B) fd193e
New with tags

This item has original tags and shows no visible signs of wear.

Beautiful Valentino crystal ankle wrap flats. New!! Marked a size 39.5 on bottom. Insole measures 10 1/4". Box no dust covers. Smoke free home.

Listed by:  Cyrkco

Responds within: 24 hrs

Ask a Question






EU 39.5 (Approx. US 9.5)


New Valentino crystal ankle wrap flats. Sz 39.5


Regular (M, B)



Style Tags:

Valentino Flats Valentino 39.5 Valentino Rockstud Jimmy Choo 39.5 Chanel 39.5

This is a cropped closeup of a senior couple enjoying a game of chess

Valentino Beige New Crystal Ankle Wrap Flats US Size EU 39.5 (Approx. US Flats 9.5) Regular (M, B) fd193e

Women’s cognitive functioning past middle age may be affected by the degree of gender equality in the country they live in, according to new findings from Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

“This research is a first attempt to shed light on important, but understudied, adverse consequences of gender inequality on women’s health in later life,” explains researcher Eric Bonsang of University Paris-Dauphine and Columbia University, lead author on the study. “It shows that women living in gender-equal countries have better cognitive test scores later in life than women living in gender-unequal societies. Moreover, in countries that became more gender-equal over time, women’s cognitive performance improved relative to men’s.”

Bonsang and colleagues Vegard Skirbekk (Norwegian Institute of Public Health and Columbia University) and Ursula Staudinger (Columbia University) had noticed that the differences in men’s and women’s scores on cognitive tests varied widely across countries. In countries in Northern Europe, for example, women tend to outperform men on memory tests, while the opposite seems to be true in several Southern European countries.

“This observation triggered our curiosity to try to understand what could cause such variations across countries,” says Bonsang.

While economic and socioeconomic factors likely play an important role, Bonsang, Skirbekk, and Staudinger wondered whether sociocultural factors such as attitudes about gender roles might also contribute to the variation in gender differences in cognitive performance around the globe. They hypothesized that women who live in a society with more traditional attitudes about gender roles would likely have less access to opportunities for education and employment and would, therefore, show lower cognitive performance later in life compared with men of the same age.

The researchers analyzed cognitive performance data for participants between the ages of 50 and 93, drawn from multiple nationally representative surveys including the US Health and Retirement Study; the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe; the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing; and the World Health Organization Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health. Together, the surveys provided data for a total of 27 countries.

All of the surveys include an episodic memory task to measure cognitive performance. Participants heard a list of 10 words and were asked to recall as many as they could immediately; in some of the surveys, participants again recalled as many words as they could after a delay. Additionally, some of the surveys included a task intended to assess executive function in which participants named as many animals as they could within 1 minute.

To gauge gender-role attitudes, the researchers focused on participants’ self-reported agreement with the statement, “When jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women.”

Overall, the data showed considerable variability in gender differences in cognitive performance across countries. In some countries, women outperformed men—the female advantage in cognitive performance was highest in Sweden. In other countries, however, men outperformed women—the male advantage was highest in Ghana.

As the researchers hypothesized, increasingly traditional gender-role attitudes were linked with decreasing cognitive performance among women across countries. In other words, women in countries with less traditional attitudes were likely to have better cognitive performance later in life relative to women in more traditional countries.

Bonsang and colleagues noted that changes in gender-role attitudes within a country over time were associated with changes in women’s cognitive performance relative to men.

Although the data are correlational in nature, several more detailed analyses point toward a causal relationship. These analyses suggest that gender-role attitudes may play a notable role in important outcomes for women across different countries, the researchers argue.

“These findings reinforce the need for policies aiming at reducing gender inequalities as we show that consequences go beyond the labor market and income inequalities,” says Bonsang. “It also shows how important it is to consider seemingly intangible influences, such as cultural attitudes and values, when trying to understand cognitive aging.”

“In future work, we plan to disentangle the effect of gender-role attitudes on gender difference in cognition—via the impacts of those attitudes on institutions, politics and labor market characteristics—from the impact of beliefs of women associated with gender-role attitudes,” Bonsang says.

We use data from Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) Release 2.6.0, English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) Release 19, the RAND Corporation Health and Retirement Study (HRS) Version N, and Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health (SAGE) Wave 1. The SHARE project has been primarily funded by the European Commission (see for the full list of funders). The ELSA project has been funded by a consortium of U.K. government departments and the U.S. National Institute on Aging (see for the full list of funders). The HRS project is funded by the Social Security Administration and the U.S. National Institute on Aging

Published July 31, 2017
ALAÏA Beige Stud Embellished Cutout Suede Ankle Strap Sandals Flats Size EU 39.5 (Approx. US 9.5) Regular (M, B),Christian Louboutin Caviar Cerise Pigalle Follies 100 Calf Pumps Size US 10 Regular (M, B),Tom Ford Black Strappy Leather Heels Sandals Size EU 38.5 (Approx. US 8.5) Regular (M, B)Christian Louboutin Black Pigalle 100 Suede Eu 38.5 - 8.5 Pumps Size US 8,Puma Black White Rare Rihanna Creeper Fenty Sneakers Size US 8 Regular (M, B),Christian Louboutin Orange Galata 100 Watersnake / Patent Euro 36 / Pumps Size US 6,Christian Louboutin Nude So Kate 120 Patent Leather Pumps Size US 10.5 Regular (M, B),Saint Laurent Green Platforms Size US 8.5 Regular (M, B),Valentino Black Rockstud Rolling Noir Pumps Size US 9.5 Regular (M, B),Golden Goose Deluxe Brand White Super Star Leather Sneakers with Swarovski Crystals Sneakers Size EU 40 (Approx. US 10) Regular (M, B)Christian Louboutin Silver New Very Prive 120 Glitter Disco Pumps Size EU 37.5 (Approx. US 7.5) Regular (M, B),Salvatore Ferragamo Brown Leopard Calf Hair Varina Ballet Flats Size EU 35.5 (Approx. US 5.5) Regular (M, B)Christian Louboutin Black Decollete Pumps,Christian Louboutin Black Nitoinimoi 120 Leather Boots/Booties Size US 6 Regular (M, B),Christian Louboutin Black Altadema Patent Leather Eu 40.5 - 9.5 Pumps Size US 9Sophia Webster Black and Rose Gold Sexy Tstrap Stilettos Pumps Size EU 39 (Approx. US 9) Regular (M, B)Valentino Yellow Leather Rockstud Pumps Size US 9 Regular (M, B)Chloé Susanna Boots/Booties Size US 8 Regular (M, B)Céline Black Espadrilles: Msrp Platforms Size EU 36 (Approx. US 6) Regular (M, B)Christian Louboutin Black and Tan Daffodil Platforms Size US 9.5 Regular (M, B),Givenchy Nude Paris Mink Fur Rubber Slide 36 Mules Sandals Size US 6 Regular (M, B)Christian Louboutin Rocket 45mm Classic Black Patent Kitten Heel Stiletto 37.5 Pumps Size US 7.5 Regular (M, B),Christian Louboutin Black Pigalle Flats Size US 10 Regular (M, B),Sergio Rossi Pinky Mauve Patient Leather with Gold T-straps And Pumps Size EU 36.5 (Approx. US 6.5) Regular (M, B),Salvatore Ferragamo Purple Leather Vara Bow Block Pumps Size EU 41 (Approx. US 11) Narrow (Aa, N),Christian Louboutin Brown Lady Peep Platform Slingback 39 - 8.5 Pumps Size US 8 Regular (M, B),Mezlan Black Loafers-genuine Crocodile Formal Shoes Size US 13 Regular (M, B),Gianvito Rossi Plexi Pvc Black Suede Clear Cap Toe Celebrity Stiletto Pumps Size US 10.5 Regular (M, B),Charlotte Olympia Leopard Print Studded Boots/Booties Size US 10 Regular (M, B),Giuseppe Zanotti Green E36136 Sharon Lake Platform 7.5 Pumps Size EU 38 (Approx. US 8) Regular (M, B),