Dockers Newpage Sporty Outdoor Sandal Shoe Hook 10 & Loop Mens Size 10 Hook M 90-23199 07c231

Dockers Newpage Sporty Outdoor Sandal Shoe Hook 10 & Loop Mens Size 10 Hook M 90-23199 07c231Dockers Newpage Sporty Outdoor Sandal Shoe Hook 10 & Loop Mens Size 10 Hook M 90-23199 07c231Dockers Newpage Sporty Outdoor Sandal Shoe Hook 10 & Loop Mens Size 10 Hook M 90-23199 07c231Dockers Newpage Sporty Outdoor Sandal Shoe Hook 10 & Loop Mens Size 10 Hook M 90-23199 07c231Dockers Newpage Sporty Outdoor Sandal Shoe Hook 10 & Loop Mens Size 10 Hook M 90-23199 07c231Dockers Newpage Sporty Outdoor Sandal Shoe Hook 10 & Loop Mens Size 10 Hook M 90-23199 07c231Dockers Newpage Sporty Outdoor Sandal Shoe Hook 10 & Loop Mens Size 10 Hook M 90-23199 07c231Dockers Newpage Sporty Outdoor Sandal Shoe Hook 10 & Loop Mens Size 10 Hook M 90-23199 07c231Dockers Newpage Sporty Outdoor Sandal Shoe Hook 10 & Loop Mens Size 10 Hook M 90-23199 07c231Dockers Newpage Sporty Outdoor Sandal Shoe Hook 10 & Loop Mens Size 10 Hook M 90-23199 07c231Dockers Newpage Sporty Outdoor Sandal Shoe Hook 10 & Loop Mens Size 10 Hook M 90-23199 07c231Dockers Newpage Sporty Outdoor Sandal Shoe Hook 10 & Loop Mens Size 10 Hook M 90-23199 07c231

Item specifics

Condition: :
An item that has been or previously. See the seller’s listing for full details and description of any imperfections.See all condition definitions- opens in a new window or tab
Seller Notes: Excellent clean condition with very slight wear! Please see all pictures...
Size Type: Regular Width: Medium (D, M)
Manufacturer: Dockers US Shoe Size (Men's): 10
Model: Newpage Brand: Dockers
Style: Sandals
This is a cropped closeup of a senior couple enjoying a game of chess

Dockers Newpage Sporty Outdoor Sandal Shoe Hook 10 & Loop Mens Size 10 Hook M 90-23199 07c231

Women’s cognitive functioning past middle age may be affected by the degree of gender equality in the country they live in, according to new findings from Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

“This research is a first attempt to shed light on important, but understudied, adverse consequences of gender inequality on women’s health in later life,” explains researcher Eric Bonsang of University Paris-Dauphine and Columbia University, lead author on the study. “It shows that women living in gender-equal countries have better cognitive test scores later in life than women living in gender-unequal societies. Moreover, in countries that became more gender-equal over time, women’s cognitive performance improved relative to men’s.”

Bonsang and colleagues Vegard Skirbekk (Norwegian Institute of Public Health and Columbia University) and Ursula Staudinger (Columbia University) had noticed that the differences in men’s and women’s scores on cognitive tests varied widely across countries. In countries in Northern Europe, for example, women tend to outperform men on memory tests, while the opposite seems to be true in several Southern European countries.

“This observation triggered our curiosity to try to understand what could cause such variations across countries,” says Bonsang.

While economic and socioeconomic factors likely play an important role, Bonsang, Skirbekk, and Staudinger wondered whether sociocultural factors such as attitudes about gender roles might also contribute to the variation in gender differences in cognitive performance around the globe. They hypothesized that women who live in a society with more traditional attitudes about gender roles would likely have less access to opportunities for education and employment and would, therefore, show lower cognitive performance later in life compared with men of the same age.

The researchers analyzed cognitive performance data for participants between the ages of 50 and 93, drawn from multiple nationally representative surveys including the US Health and Retirement Study; the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe; the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing; and the World Health Organization Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health. Together, the surveys provided data for a total of 27 countries.

All of the surveys include an episodic memory task to measure cognitive performance. Participants heard a list of 10 words and were asked to recall as many as they could immediately; in some of the surveys, participants again recalled as many words as they could after a delay. Additionally, some of the surveys included a task intended to assess executive function in which participants named as many animals as they could within 1 minute.

To gauge gender-role attitudes, the researchers focused on participants’ self-reported agreement with the statement, “When jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women.”

Overall, the data showed considerable variability in gender differences in cognitive performance across countries. In some countries, women outperformed men—the female advantage in cognitive performance was highest in Sweden. In other countries, however, men outperformed women—the male advantage was highest in Ghana.

As the researchers hypothesized, increasingly traditional gender-role attitudes were linked with decreasing cognitive performance among women across countries. In other words, women in countries with less traditional attitudes were likely to have better cognitive performance later in life relative to women in more traditional countries.

Bonsang and colleagues noted that changes in gender-role attitudes within a country over time were associated with changes in women’s cognitive performance relative to men.

Although the data are correlational in nature, several more detailed analyses point toward a causal relationship. These analyses suggest that gender-role attitudes may play a notable role in important outcomes for women across different countries, the researchers argue.

“These findings reinforce the need for policies aiming at reducing gender inequalities as we show that consequences go beyond the labor market and income inequalities,” says Bonsang. “It also shows how important it is to consider seemingly intangible influences, such as cultural attitudes and values, when trying to understand cognitive aging.”

“In future work, we plan to disentangle the effect of gender-role attitudes on gender difference in cognition—via the impacts of those attitudes on institutions, politics and labor market characteristics—from the impact of beliefs of women associated with gender-role attitudes,” Bonsang says.

We use data from Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) Release 2.6.0, English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) Release 19, the RAND Corporation Health and Retirement Study (HRS) Version N, and Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health (SAGE) Wave 1. The SHARE project has been primarily funded by the European Commission (see http://www.share-project.org for the full list of funders). The ELSA project has been funded by a consortium of U.K. government departments and the U.S. National Institute on Aging (see http://www.elsa-project.ac.uk/funders for the full list of funders). The HRS project is funded by the Social Security Administration and the U.S. National Institute on Aging


Published July 31, 2017
NIKE Leather Cortez Olympic Memorial Model Silver & Gold Biped Set Made in 1997,Under Armour Veloce Mid Suede Size 11.5 Men's 1296614-410 Navy Blue Leather,Christian Louboutin Alligator Croc Electric Blue Size 42.5,APEX Ambulator 1261M BLACK Leather Diabetic Men's 8.5 W, Double Strap Oxford,NEW Men's Sanuk Beer Cozy Flip Flop Light Funk Charcoal Size 11,Adidas Ultra Boost All Terrain Mid ATR Indigo BB6128 US 8.5-13 Grey White Mens,Converse John Varvatos CTAS Tornado Zip Hi Oxblood Belu 151284C Mens 11 Women 13,Puma Mens Leadcat Green Pool EVA Slide Sandals Sandals 9 Medium (D) BHFO 7310,Mens 13 Teva Flip Flops Thong Sandals Multi Brown Black Canvas Straps,SAS Black Leather Loafer Oxford Moc Handsewn USA Men Size 12 S,Outdoor Beach Non-slip Bathroom Slippers Flip-flops Summer Shoes Men's Sandals,$895 Mens Giuseppe Zanotti Velvet Spray High-Top Sneakers Fiamma Red 46 US 13,V 1969 Italia Mens Loafer Blue STEWARTJohnston Murphy Black Leather Slip On Sandals Loafers Fisherman Portugal Size 11SAUCONY MEN'S SHOES SUEDE TRAINERS SNEAKERS NEW SHADOW GREY 33D,Converse X John Varvatos Chuck Taylor High Mens Size 7.5 Womens Size 9.5 150175C,Rockport Mens Getyourkicksthong Navy/Blue Flip Flops Size 13 (402374),NEW Puma Play Nude 361469-01 Mens Shoes Trainers Sneakers SALECole Haan Mens Bancroft Venetian Slip On Business Casual Dress Moc Toe Shoes,G. H. BASS PISA MEN'S MULTIPLE SIZE NEW IN BOX NAVY 0148-2729-400,Men's Slippers Slides Flip Flop Casual Sandals Summer Comfy Beach Shoes FashionC-1429268 New Salvatore Ferragamo Lino Wine Leather Loafer Shoes Size US 9 D,Thumb Holder Sandal White Synthetic Sandal Men Sandals Shoe New Ethnic White,Polo Ralph Lauren 816543729003 Hanford SK VLC Company Oil Sport LeatherThorogood Uniform Station 834-6522 Mens Oxford ASR Ultra Light Tactical Shoes,Men's/Women's Balenciaga Triple S27Cmblk Shoes (22895 Not so expensive First grade in its class Seasonal hot sale,AUTH Christian Louboutin ROLLERBOY SPIKES FLAT Calf Loafers 40.5 US 8 $1395,CLARKS WALLABEE MAPLE SUEDE HOMMES / MEN'S SIZE 13 US ( NWOB ),Reef Men Slide Thong Sandal Olive / Tan 8 NWT,Atlantis Shoes Men's Rainforest Big Leaf White Sandals Flip Flops,