Dr Marten 7 Sandals Slides Mens size 7 Marten 88648d

Dr Marten 7 Sandals Slides Mens size 7 Marten 88648dDr Marten 7 Sandals Slides Mens size 7 Marten 88648dDr Marten 7 Sandals Slides Mens size 7 Marten 88648dDr Marten 7 Sandals Slides Mens size 7 Marten 88648dDr Marten 7 Sandals Slides Mens size 7 Marten 88648dDr Marten 7 Sandals Slides Mens size 7 Marten 88648dDr Marten 7 Sandals Slides Mens size 7 Marten 88648dDr Marten 7 Sandals Slides Mens size 7 Marten 88648dDr Marten 7 Sandals Slides Mens size 7 Marten 88648dDr Marten 7 Sandals Slides Mens size 7 Marten 88648dDr Marten 7 Sandals Slides Mens size 7 Marten 88648d

Item specifics

Condition: :
An item that has been or previously. See the seller’s listing for full details and description of any imperfections.See all condition definitions- opens in a new window or tab
Seller Notes: Nice condition. Clean. Smoke free.
Brand: Dr. Martens Country of Manufacture: Thailand
US Shoe Size (Men's): 7 Pattern: Solid
Style: Slides Width: Medium (D, M)
Material: Leather Country/Region of Manufacture: Thailand
Color: Beige
This is a cropped closeup of a senior couple enjoying a game of chess

Dr Marten 7 Sandals Slides Mens size 7 Marten 88648d

Women’s cognitive functioning past middle age may be affected by the degree of gender equality in the country they live in, according to new findings from Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

“This research is a first attempt to shed light on important, but understudied, adverse consequences of gender inequality on women’s health in later life,” explains researcher Eric Bonsang of University Paris-Dauphine and Columbia University, lead author on the study. “It shows that women living in gender-equal countries have better cognitive test scores later in life than women living in gender-unequal societies. Moreover, in countries that became more gender-equal over time, women’s cognitive performance improved relative to men’s.”

Bonsang and colleagues Vegard Skirbekk (Norwegian Institute of Public Health and Columbia University) and Ursula Staudinger (Columbia University) had noticed that the differences in men’s and women’s scores on cognitive tests varied widely across countries. In countries in Northern Europe, for example, women tend to outperform men on memory tests, while the opposite seems to be true in several Southern European countries.

“This observation triggered our curiosity to try to understand what could cause such variations across countries,” says Bonsang.

While economic and socioeconomic factors likely play an important role, Bonsang, Skirbekk, and Staudinger wondered whether sociocultural factors such as attitudes about gender roles might also contribute to the variation in gender differences in cognitive performance around the globe. They hypothesized that women who live in a society with more traditional attitudes about gender roles would likely have less access to opportunities for education and employment and would, therefore, show lower cognitive performance later in life compared with men of the same age.

The researchers analyzed cognitive performance data for participants between the ages of 50 and 93, drawn from multiple nationally representative surveys including the US Health and Retirement Study; the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe; the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing; and the World Health Organization Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health. Together, the surveys provided data for a total of 27 countries.

All of the surveys include an episodic memory task to measure cognitive performance. Participants heard a list of 10 words and were asked to recall as many as they could immediately; in some of the surveys, participants again recalled as many words as they could after a delay. Additionally, some of the surveys included a task intended to assess executive function in which participants named as many animals as they could within 1 minute.

To gauge gender-role attitudes, the researchers focused on participants’ self-reported agreement with the statement, “When jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women.”

Overall, the data showed considerable variability in gender differences in cognitive performance across countries. In some countries, women outperformed men—the female advantage in cognitive performance was highest in Sweden. In other countries, however, men outperformed women—the male advantage was highest in Ghana.

As the researchers hypothesized, increasingly traditional gender-role attitudes were linked with decreasing cognitive performance among women across countries. In other words, women in countries with less traditional attitudes were likely to have better cognitive performance later in life relative to women in more traditional countries.

Bonsang and colleagues noted that changes in gender-role attitudes within a country over time were associated with changes in women’s cognitive performance relative to men.

Although the data are correlational in nature, several more detailed analyses point toward a causal relationship. These analyses suggest that gender-role attitudes may play a notable role in important outcomes for women across different countries, the researchers argue.

“These findings reinforce the need for policies aiming at reducing gender inequalities as we show that consequences go beyond the labor market and income inequalities,” says Bonsang. “It also shows how important it is to consider seemingly intangible influences, such as cultural attitudes and values, when trying to understand cognitive aging.”

“In future work, we plan to disentangle the effect of gender-role attitudes on gender difference in cognition—via the impacts of those attitudes on institutions, politics and labor market characteristics—from the impact of beliefs of women associated with gender-role attitudes,” Bonsang says.

We use data from Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) Release 2.6.0, English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) Release 19, the RAND Corporation Health and Retirement Study (HRS) Version N, and Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health (SAGE) Wave 1. The SHARE project has been primarily funded by the European Commission (see http://www.share-project.org for the full list of funders). The ELSA project has been funded by a consortium of U.K. government departments and the U.S. National Institute on Aging (see http://www.elsa-project.ac.uk/funders for the full list of funders). The HRS project is funded by the Social Security Administration and the U.S. National Institute on Aging


Published July 31, 2017
BNWT Mens Size 10 Red Rubber Style Thongs Flip Flop Sandals Beach Casual ShoesNIB! MEN'S CHRISTIAN DIOR BROWN LEATHER CLASSIC SHOES SZ 8,Cole Haan Men's Grandpro Tennis Stitchlite Sneaker, Iced Coffee/Brazilian Sand,,New Salvatore Ferragamo Sardegna Black Leather Men Loafers Moccasin Shoes 8 $695Womens Mens Water Shoes Sandals Beach Shoes Slip On Mesh Breathable Athletic,Prada Linea Rossa Black Suede Fashion Sneakers Slip Ons Mens Size Prada 8M US 9M,New $500 Fiori Di Lusso Olive Green Suede Shoes - Loafers - (2018032121),F-63 Red Velvet Royal Look Traditinol Khussa Shoe/Juti/Mojari MENS Usa Size 11Vivienne Westwood Men's Made In Italy Red Leather Slip on Shoes,havaianas men star wars flip flops new with tags size 13 awesome design,Bally Continental Prato Made in Switzerland, SZ 10C, Brown Calf Leather, Slip-OnNIB Carrucci Men's Leather Slip On Dress Shoes in Cognac KS099-710Clarks Watts Pace Men's Oxford Brown Leather Casual Shoes 26119637,Mens hollow out slingbacks sandals flats breathable shoes summer roman new hot,SABOTS CROCS CLASSIC chocolate M13 Pointure 46,Unique Sz 8.5 New Summer Sandals Beach Slippers Flip Flops Casual Slip On Asian,Johnston & Murphy 10.5 Black Loafer Sheepskin Lining,AKADEMIKS SPORT SLIDES Mens sandals camo size 9 NEW NWT Brown camouflage SEXY,Gentlemen/Ladies mercibeaucoup, Men's Shoes 335073 Blue 03 durable the most economical Easy life,Stanley Trench Low Men Sz10 Black Leather/Mesh Work Shoe #SH3163S,ADIDAS EQUIPMENT 91-16 ORIGINALS BLACK/WHITE/PINK SNEAKERS 6.5 US $150,CLARKS ORIGINALS DESERT BOOT OLIVE GREEN SUEDE GOLD MENS SIZE SHOES BOOTS 09443Maison Martin Margiela Futures Gray Low Size 42 / 9 MMM Brand New,SANTONI ‘JASON’ Men’s Black 100% Leather Casual Loafer, Size 11½ D - NEW,Pikolinos Jerez Black Mens Driving Loafers size 43,Alden V Chip Cordovan Genuine Shoe Tree Species Dress Shoes 5433Us7.5Blk (22026,NEW Mens Sandals Medium 10 - 11 Black Gray Flip Flops Summer Shoes Pool Beach@LIVRAISON GRATUITE@ CLAQUETTE TONG EVERLAST MENS SLIDERS SANDALE HOMME 41 A 45,US 7 RAJASTHANI MEN SHOES INDIAN HANDMADE JUTTI LEATHER FLIP-FLOPS MOJARI,CHACO Flip Flops Ecotread Men’s Brown and Orange Size M11 READ DETAILS,